Atopic dermatitis: causes, treatment & best skin care

AD (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic skin condition characterized by bothersome itchiness and spots. It might affect everybody no matter gender or age and it appears through really tiresome symptoms that might even prevent patients from living a normal life. How to get through atopic dermatitis?

What is atopic dermatitis?

AD is a very bothersome condition. One of its causes is damage to the skin’s protective layer and consequent escape of water. Sufferers experience spots, redness, itchy bumps and scaly skin. Healed blemishes are likely to turn into permanent spots. AD lesions usually affect inner elbows, back of the knees, neck, wrists and chest.

What causes atopic dermatitis?

The most common triggers include:

  • stress,
  • damaged skin barrier,
  • microbial infection,
  • genetic susceptibility,
  • allergens in the air,
  • weather conditions,
  • irritating factors,
  • smoking cigarettes.

Atopic dermatitis is also caused by allergens including milk, nuts, strawberries, eggs, honey. Food allergies are the most common in children and that is why AD makes most of us think it’s a typical babies’ disease.

How to care for atopic skin?

  1. Gently cleanse the skin, use syndets which don’t irritate or dry out skin, neither cause damage to skin’s protective barrier.
  2. Avoid factors that worsen the condition of skin and dry it out (e.g. alcohol).
  3. Don’t use products containing aromatic substances, preservatives, synthetics, pigments.
  4. Your cosmetics should have an occlusive effect, moisturize and lubricate the skin, prevent epidermal damage and lock in moisture.
  5. You need to moisturize skin immediately after going out of the tub, you shouldn’t let water evaporate.
  6. You must enrich your diet with anti-inflammatory ingredients i.e. omega acids and vit. D.

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